Varicose Veins and Compressive Therapy
Expanded veins with related symptoms and complications constitute the most common disease of the blood vessel in the legs. Often the initial symptoms of the disease are neglected or ignored, which later leads to more serious complications. The essence of using vein stocking is to create pressure on the deep vein system, which compensates for the weakened function of the blood vessel wall, thereby improving blood flow or returning blood to the heart.
Graduated (falling) elastic stockings work on the principle of graduated pressure, which means that the pressure in them is strictly defined. The pressure is the strongest at the ankle level and it gradually decreases in the upper part. As a result of the compression, the residual blood returns more easily to the heart.
Therefore, preventing and treating the first signs of the disease is very important. There is no need for a doctor's recommendation to wear preventive stockings (12-18mmHg). Physicians should be consulted in more complicated situations when there is a pain in the legs, swelling, enlarged veins, changes on the skin, and the like. Stockings are worn throughout the day and are effective in mild and more serious conditions of varicose veins. Today, socks are available in different sizes, colors, design and four levels of compression. The length of the stockings (knee-high, thigh-high, tights) and the degree of compression are determined solely by a specialist doctor. Wearing the stockings makes sense only if you take precise measurements by volume and length, on the basis of which the size of stockings is determined. The patient first tries the stockings and only then buys them.
If the measures are correct, you will feel the relief at the time of dressing. Also, there is the possibility of custom-made stockings if the leg dimensions are not standard. Stockings are placed on the feet solely in the horizontal position, preferably in bed, while the veins are "empty" and the swelling is are minimal or non-existent. They are worn throughout the day, while the person is on their feet and removed before bedtime.