Medical Glue - the Latest Treatment Method for Varicose Veins
Varicose veins are a disease of the blood vessels, predominantly in lower extremities, which affect many people. It is normal for a vein to take blood to the heart, while in the case of venous disease blood flows in the wrong direction, that is, the blood returns to the legs, and for this reason veins on that part of the body budge and dilate. As venous blood remains in the legs, patients have problems in the form of pain, cramps, and itching.
The incidence of the venous disease is increasing everywhere in the world due to the lifestyle we lead in terms of long standing at work and the lack of physical activity, as well as due to other risk factors that lead to this disease. There is a significant incidence of venous diseases, as almost 70% of all blood vessel diseases are made up of vein diseases. Also, according to some statistics, as many as 40% of the population will at some point have a problem with venous circulation.
Most patients suffering from venous diseases do not understand the severity of their condition, and improper treatment and poor results contribute to a significant incidence of disability, as well as frequent absence from work and inability to perform certain professions. Although women are far more responsible for their health, varicose veins occur more frequently in them, most often because of hormonal changes and pregnancy when there may be a weakening of the venous wall and the appearance of varicose veins.
Treatment of venous disease has dramatically changed in the past 20 years, naturally, for the benefit of patients. Earlier, an intervention was delayed, patients were recommended wearing medical stocking, gels, medicines. It was a worldwide trend. A classic vein operation was performed if the patient had been proposed for intervention. Recovery after a classic vein operation was painful so this intervention was not very popular with patients. Twenty years ago, minimally invasive treatment methods entered the medicine, which completely transformed the treatment of varicose veins.
Various patients have different problems, so the treatment approaches also differ. There are two basic approaches to treatment, i.e. non-operational and operational methods for addressing this health problem. As regards the operative approach, as the only way to solve the problems of varicose veins, methods of laser and classical vein surgery are most often used. The recovery period depends on the patient, but also on the treatment itself and includes wearing elastic stockings. Patients need to move, which for patients treated with the classical method is a big problem because of pain in the legs that occur after the intervention. Operating methods that involve wearing elastic stockings as a required postoperative course were not favorable in patients because it was difficult for patients to put on the stockings.
In Serbia, since early 2018, the latest non-invasive method of treating varicose veins with medical glue has been available, which has shown excellent results both in solving the problem and in the postoperative period. This method was first used in Germany in 2011, and a little later it spread to Western Europe and the United States. It was the project of a group of doctors, primarily those interested in the treatment of varicose veins. Later, several scientific studies were conducted that examined the effectiveness of this procedure, so that the drug was also granted the permission of the US Drugs and Food Agencies in 2015. In this part of Europe, the method of treating varicose veins with medical glue is applied in Serbia, Hungary, and Slovenia.
To perform this procedure, local anesthesia is required in the amount needed for the removal of a minor mole. Under ultrasound monitoring, after local anesthesia is injected, a catheter is introduced into the vein through which the glue is applied to the vein. After that, a small patch is inserted at the place of the injection, the patient gets up, walks after the intervention and does not wear elastic stockings. The procedure lasts about 30 to 40 minutes, and the patient can return to regular activities. Regarding relapses, they are possible but are not common. Today, a lot of tools for the treatment of varicose veins and recurrence of the disease are available, and one of the choices is also a medical vein glue.
Medical glue has been used in different areas of medicine for a long time. It is successfully used in orthopedics, neurosurgery, and ophthalmology, so it has endured a test of time. In terms of safety and harmlessness for the patient, this actually represents its new application.
There is a misconception in the general public and some professionals that varicose veins are an aesthetic problem. This, of course, is not true, because they are, first and foremost, a health problem and occur because venous blood flows in the wrong direction, and varicose veins appear as a consequence. This disease also leads to a significant reduction in the quality of life of patients, as they can lead to complications in terms of inflammation, thrombosis and wound on the legs. The method of treating varicose veins with medical glue is used to treat a condition when veins are more or less dilated and is not intended to solve the aesthetic problem. Of course, one should not ignore the fact that the aesthetic aspect of this procedure is extremely important.