Laser Treatment of Varicose Veins
Laser treatment is one of the latest and the most modern methods of varicose vein treatments. It has been used for many years and has proven to be exceptionally effective (with the rate of success of more than 98% ) and has a very small percentage of complications, which has made it popular all around the world.
What effect does laser have?
The heat released at the tip of the laser transducer (photo thermal effect) causes changes inside and in the wall of the venous blood vessel and the vein shrinks. The final outcome the flow is blocked through the treated part of the vein.
The course of laser treatment
Before the surgery, the patient must have an ultrasound examination. After that, in local anaesthesia, a laser transducer is introduced in the vein and a solution for the tumescent anaesthesia is injected under ultrasound monitoring. The laser treatment starts then and lasts approximately 45 minutes. The treatment is completed by putting on a compression stocking. The whole procedure is performed in local anaesthesia. The patient may be discharged from the clinic immediately after the procedure. After this treatment recovery is fast so patients are recommended walking for 15-20 minutes per day and very soon are able to return to their regular activities.
Side effects after laser treatment
Bruises on the skin, swelling, tension or pain normally appear after the surgery and usually disappear after several days. Artery injury near the treated area is extremely rare. The procedure may affect the nerves located near veins, but these occurrences are much less common than in classic vein surgery. In this case, patients feel less numbness, tickling or other sensations. In certain cases, painful keloid scars may appear on the skin. Other complications, infections, embolism, and thrombosis are very rare. Most side effects, such as redness, pain in the groin or thigh are transient and caused by the thermal effect of the laser. The pain is the most intensive 3-5 days after the surgery while all the side effects disappear several days after the procedure. Compared to a classic vein surgery (striping), the above-mentioned passing effects are minor, i.e. their volume and frequency are much smaller while the recovery is many times faster.